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vermont facts and history

Vermont is one of the six New England states (states whose first European settlers were Puritans from England). You better believe that big things happened in the little Green Mountain State! ; 1775 - . Part of the Missisquoi turns north to flow through Canada before returning to Vermont. 8. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Chittenden County (161,382) is the most populated county in Vermont. All Rights Reserved. Vermont, constituent state of the United States of America. Professional Sports Teams There are no major professional sports franchises in Vermont. Operating as a sovereign state, Vermont printed its own money and ran its own postal service. It is bordered by New Hampshire, across the Connecticut River (E), Massachusetts (S), New York, with Lake Champlain forming almost half the border (W), and the Canadian province of Quebec (N). The state fossil , the beluga whale skeleton was found in a farmer's field in western Vermont in 1849. Photographs and census records show how Vermont has changed over time. Vermont had a three-month head start on the rest of the country in fighting World War II. Today, barely more than 100 covered bridges survive in Vermont. The Highly Toxic Vermont Asbestos Group Mine Site; The Fur Bearing Trout of Lake Memphremagog At one time many of Vermont’s hilltops were cleared for pastures and open fields. Snowfall in Vermont usually averages between 70 and 80 inches (1,800 and 2,000 mm) in the valleys and up to 110 inches (2,800 mm) in the mountains. Pine, spruce, fir, and hemlock are common; maple and birch are among the deciduous species. Editor of. More people live in El Paso, Texas, than in Vermont. The annual growing season is only about 120 days—somewhat longer in the low-lying Champlain valley—because frost usually comes in September and may strike as late as the beginning of June. Vermont City / Town Facts. Winter temperatures can drop to −34 °F (−37 °C) and lower, and summer temperatures rarely rise above 90 °F (32 °C). This map by Lewis Robinson shows Vermont's county boundaries in 1850. Cross-country skier near (background) Mount Mansfield, Vermont. Before Vermont became the 14th state, it existed as an independent nation for 14 years. Vermont experienced rising abolitionist sentiment and subsequently fought on the Union side of the American Civil War. The state of Vermont has been inhabited for thousands of years, beginning with the AbenakiNative Americans, who lived in wigwams and hunted for caribou (reindeer). Total annual precipitation varies from 34 inches (870 mm) in the eastern and western sections to more than 40 inches (1,025 mm) in the mountains. On the anniversary of Vermont’s statehood, learn 10 surprising facts about the Green Mountain State. In 1998 President Bill Clinton signed a bill that designated Lake Champlain as one of the Great Lakes for the purpose of competing for federal research money under the National Sea Grant Program. The longest river entirely within the state is the Lamoille (85 miles [135 km]), followed by Otter Creek (75 miles [120 km]), which rises in southwestern Vermont and flows northward into Lake Champlain. Grand Isle County (83 sq mi) is the smallest county in Vermont. Vermont copper coinage struck, 1785–1786. Governor Cadwallader Colden, representing the colonial government of New York, claimed territory in what is now Vermont. England gained control of the area in 1763 after the French and Indian Wars. Small animals abound in Vermont. It is sparsely populated, and its capital, Montpelier, is … Native American Indians indigenous to Vermont include the Abenaki tribe and the Iroquois. Vermont's name comes from the French phrase “vert mont,” meaning “green mountain.” 2. 623,989. Reported sightings of the enormous lake monster were so prevalent during the 19th century that showman P.T. FACT CHECK: We strive for accuracy and fairness. The steeples of white wooden churches rising above mountain-bound small towns with trim village greens, the herds of dairy cattle on sloping mountain pastures, and the red-gold leaves of tree-lined autumnal lanes are aspects of scenic Vermont that, in painting and photography, have become symbols of the rural United States. The federal designation was changed a few weeks later after protests by legislators in states adjacent to the Great Lakes. The state tree is the sugar maple, which reflects Vermont’s prominence in maple sugar and syrup production. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! One of the six New England states lying in the northeastern corner of the country, it was admitted to the union on March 4, 1791, as the 14th state. 9. 1791 - The U.S. Congress admits Vermont as the 14th state. Vermont has a huge deer population, and deer hunting is an autumn ritual. Vermont’s eventual admission to the Union ultimately came at a price—$30,000 to be paid to New York in compensation for the loss of its property. Barnum in 1873 offered a reward of $50,000 for the “hide of the great Champlain serpent.” The lake monster affectionately known as “Champ” might be imaginary, but a very real Vermont state law has made it a protected species. At one point in history, Vermont had more cows than people. While the United States did not declare war on Nazi Germany until December 11, 1941, Vermont declared three months earlier that the two countries were already in “armed conflict.” After the country re-instituted a draft in 1940, the Vermont legislature sought to issue a $10-a-month bonus to those state residents serving in the military, a decision that required a new tax in peacetime. Vermont’s average elevation is about 1,000 feet (300 metres). One of the six New England states lying in the northeastern corner of the country, it was admitted to the union on March 4, 1791, as the 14th state. The hermit thrush is the state bird of Vermont. There is a lot of rich history in every state and country, including the great state of Vermont. C reate a map of the state, organize events chronologically, and explore more of the state’s exciting past with writing prompts. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. At one time, Vermont had approximately 600 of its distinctive covered bridges. (Credit: Amber Kincaid). GEOGRAPHY AND LANDFORMS. Vermont History Firsts & State Facts. Frustrated by the decision, Vermont started in the fall of 1780 to make overtures to the governor general of Canada to rejoin the British Empire as part of the province of Quebec. Find out about important Vermont industries from the late 1800s. The western portion of Lake Champlain is in New York, and three-fourths of the area of Lake Memphremagog—the second largest lake associated with Vermont—lies in Canada. Maps and documents help tell the story of Vermont becoming the 14th state. 1. President Calvin Coolidge was born in Plymouth, Vermont on the 4th of July in 1872. Two-thirds of Vermont’s covered bridges were destroyed in a flood. 10. The state’s capital is Montpelier. 11 Things You Didn’t Know About The History Of Vermont. Vermont State Archivist, Office of the Secretary of State, Montpelier. Click on a county and then find a town to see how Vermont's population has changed over the years.Or switch to a list of counties or list of towns.. 13 Incredible, Almost Unbelievable Facts About Vermont. It was attacked by Confederate soldiers during the Civil War. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Fishing in the lakes and streams, including ice fishing in winter, is popular. HISTORY reviews and updates its content regularly to ensure it is complete and accurate. Official Tourism Site of Vermont, United States, Vermont - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Vermont - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Red clover is the state flower of Vermont. For 14 years Vermont was an independent republic. Geography >> US States>> Vermont History For state symbols, flag, maps, geography, and fun facts: Join VHS for virtual Vermont History trivia! Overview of Vermont History and Heritage. It’s bordered by Canada in … Facts about Vermont 1. Here are seven facts about Vermont you might now know: 1. The wooded areas, with their small brooks and springs, produce a great variety of ferns and wildflowers; in the spring and summer they are filled with the many species of birds common to the Northeast. The land of Vermont does not have great variety, but in place of this it substitutes an intensity and pervasiveness of those features it does possess. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Concerns about excessive logging have led to state restrictions on clear-cutting. Vermont, Timeline of State History __ "Scan a chronological timeline of important events and dates in Vermont history including the formation of Lake Champlain and the Champlain valley to present day Vermont." Dig deeper into the history of Vermont and see wh at interesting facts you can discover about this state with a free 7-page state history printable. Paleo-Indians began to move into northern New England about 9000 bce, at the end of the last ice age.Vermont sites from the late Archaic culture period (c. 4000 bce) reveal highly specialized slate tools and evidence of wide-ranging exchange networks, including copper tools from the upper Great Lakes and shells from the Gulf of Mexico. Flag of the Green Mountain Boys and the Vermont Republic. An illustrated timeline lets students discover fascinating facts about Vermont history; Lesson plans and lists of Vermont history books are valuable resources for teachers and homeschool educators. Many people left their birthplaces in Vermont to pursue opportunities in the opening West or in urban centres of the Northeast. The dispute over which American colony controlled Vermont rose to the highest levels of the British Empire, and in 1764 King George III decided in New York’s favor. The discussions fizzled, however, after the American Revolution came to a close. They provide Vermont with a north-south backbone that ranges from approximately 20 to 35 miles (30 to 55 km) in width. Population (2010) 625,741; (2019 est.) In order to distribute the bonuses without new taxes, the state legislature in September 1941 pointed to President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s recent order to the U.S. Navy to shoot first if it encountered German warships entering American waters to declare that a state of “armed conflict” between the United States and Germany already existed. 1787 - Montpelier is established by Colonel Jacob Davis and General Parley Davis. 7. Vermont was previously an independent country. Feb 10, 2021 - Feb 11, 2021 | 1pm - 3pm. The largest of the 400 natural lakes entirely in Vermont is Lake Bomoseen, west of Rutland. Vermont is a tiny state hidden in the northeast corner of the United States. After the American Revolution began, the Green Mountain Boys decided independence from Great Britain was not enough. The first chapter of the Vermont constitution that was adopted in January 1777 affirms that “all men are born equally free and independent, and have certain natural, inherent and unalienable rights.” The constitution abolished the enslavement of men over the age of 21 and women over the age of 18. 10. That designation was inserted into the legislation by Vermont Senator Patrick Leahy, although hydrologically Lake Champlain lies outside of the Great Lakes Basin and is one-fifteenth the size of Lake Ontario—the smallest of the Great Lakes. Bears are often seen, but wild members of the cat family are rare. Near the middle of the eighteenth century, both Benning Wentworth, the colonial governor of New Hampshire, and Lt. Vermont has never stood in the mainstream of the country’s history, but its people and land have poured into their country a strength and a sense of continuity that joins the achievements of the nation’s past with the purposes of its present. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Two-thirds of Vermont’s covered bridges were destroyed in a flood. When French explorer Samuel de Champlain first arrived in Vermont in 1609 he nicknamed the area 'les Verts Monts' meaning the Green Mountains. Not wanting to pay additional money to New York for land already granted to them by New Hampshire, Ethan Allen and other settlers formed the Green Mountain Boys militia to challenge King George III’s decision. In 1535, French explorer Jacques Cartier was the first European to site Vermont. Area 9,616 square miles (24,906 square km). Vermont (nicknamed: Green Mountain State) has 14 counties. The Abenaki who originally settled Vermont told stories of a legendary sea serpent named “Tatoskok” that inhabited the depths of what is known today as Lake Champlain. It wasn’t until the French Indian Wa… Even today, the state has the highest ratio of cows to people in the country, with one cow for every 3.8 Vermonters. Its original name was “New Connecticut.” It is sparsely populated, and its capital, Montpelier, is one of the least-populous U.S. state capitals. Vermont was home to a Great Lake—for a few weeks. The French then claimed Vermont as part of New France, the first European settlement in the state. However, hundreds of them washed away during the devastating Flood of 1927. There is a growing moose population and (since 1993) an annual moose-hunting season. These people primarily seek the beauty and tranquility of Vermont’s mountains and narrow valleys and the sense of the country’s past that pervades the entire state. If you already knew all of these facts, well you get an A+ in VT knowledge. Lake Champlain’s waters empty northward into Canada’s Richelieu River and flow 80 miles (130 km) into the St. Lawrence. Millions of people visit the state each year, and many thousands of out-of-state residents maintain second homes in Vermont. Instant Download: FREE Vermont State History Printable History Exploration and settlement. Vermont History Vermont had its beginnings in a land controversy. French Vermont The first European known to have entered the area that is now Vermont was Samuel de Champlain, who, after beginning the colonization of Quebec, journeyed south with a Huron war party in 1609 to the beautiful lake to which he gave his name. Vermont’s mountain ranges are broken by the valleys of only a few rivers, such as the Winooski, Lamoille, and Missisquoi, all flowing westward into Lake Champlain. Vermont’s capitol city, Montpelier, is the smallest state capital in the U.S. , with a population of less than 9,000 people. County Population Facts. Vermont was admitted to the United States as the fourteenth state in 1791 after a brief period of sovereignty following the American Revolutionary War. In many ways Vermont is a vigorous survivor of an earlier, simpler time in the United States. As farmers abandoned the hillsides, the open spaces quickly refilled with trees. The state has its own version of the Loch Ness Monster. With a population of fewer than nine thousand people, Montpelier, Vermont is the smallest state capital in the U.S. Montpelier, Vermont is the only U.S. state capital without a McDonalds. Vermont history, people, places and things on the somewhat unusual and quirky side. Sections in this article: Introduction ; Facts and Figures; Geography Its members burned opponents’ houses, rioted against New York sheriffs and attacked rent collectors. 4. (Credit: Public Domain). Green Mountains, near East Bethel, Vermont. Vermont is bordered to the north by Quebec, Canada, to the east by New Hampshire, to the south by Massachusetts, and to the west by New York. 1777 - Vermont declares itself an independent republic. Although Vermont was hundreds of miles removed from the battlefields of the Civil War, it was the scene of one of the war’s most unexpected attacks. (Credit: Vermont Historical Society). Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Vermont is a unique and quirky place, and since the truth is often stranger than fiction, these unbelievable facts will come in handy next time you want to impress your friends and family with VT trivia. 1609 - The area which is today Vermont was first explored by Frenchman Samuel de Champlain in 1609, when he claimed it for his home country. Environmental factors such as acid rain have affected trees in the higher elevations. The geologic history of Vermont begins more than 450 million years ago during the Cambrian and Devonian periods.. Human history of Native American settlement can be divided into the hunter-gatherer Archaic Period, from c. 7000–1000 BC, and the sedentary Woodland Period, from c. 1000 BC to AD 1600. The Green Mountains that cover most of the state are part of the northern Appalachian Mountains, which run southeastward from Canada into north-central Alabama. Vermont, constituent state of the United States of America. The story of Charlotte the Vermont whale. Five other Texas cities in addition to El Paso have larger populations than Vermont. When the United States was forming in the late 1700s, Vermont became the fourteenth state to join, right after the thirteen colonies. Pleasant summer days often turn cool after nightfall. Several small streams, the largest of which is the White River, flow from the central highlands into the Connecticut River. (Credit: Kenneth Wiedemann/http://www.istockphoto.com). 6. Hiker on the Appalachian National Scenic Trail standing on the summit of Mount Mansfield, Vermont, U.S. Mad River, crossed by the Warren Covered Bridge, Warren, Vt. On October 19, 1864, approximately two dozen Confederate soldiers who had descended from Canada robbed three banks in the town of St. Albans before retreating back across the border with $200,000. First organized to drive settlers from New York out of Vermont, the Green Mountain Boys, led by Ethan Allen, won fame by capturing Fort Ticonderogafrom the British on May 10, 1775, in the early days of the Revolutionary War. Vermont Trivia – Vermont firsts, facts and interesting information Vermont was the first state admitted to the Union after the thirteen original colonies. Vermont History Facts. Vermont became the 14th state in 1791; it was the first admitted after the thirteen colonies. In the next century, several European settlements were established throughout Vermont including the British and the Dutch. It may seem a strange choice for a people seeking a distinct identity from their neighbors, but leaders of the newly independent republic initially called it “New Connecticut” in honor of the state where Allen and other leaders of the Green Mountain Boys were born. Explore Vermont’s state historic sites, museums and historic downtowns and immerse yourself in the stories of Vermont. Omissions? 1790 - Vermont settles its land disputes with New York and New Hampshire. Vermont was the first state admitted to the Union after the ratification of the Constitution. Updates? Vermont vərmŏnt´ [Fr.,=green mountain], New England state of the NE United States. In January 1777, delegates from 28 towns met in a tavern and declared their independence from New York as well. Gunfire that erupted during the raid killed Elinus Morrison, a contractor supervising a hotel construction project, in what was the northernmost land action of the Civil War. On the Vermont-Massachusetts border, the northern end of the Hoosac Range enters the state, and the Taconic Range rises along the southwestern side. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, slightly more than 625,000 people resided in Vermont in 2010, fewer than in every state but Wyoming. Vermont adopted the first constitution in North America to ban adult slavery. 3. Only about 15 percent of the state’s terrain, mostly in the Champlain valley, is level land with fertile soil and high productive capability. Every ten years, the United States counts the number of people in each town, in each state. 1. Vermont History Vermont History. Originally populated by various indigenous peoples of the Algonquin, Iroquois, and Abenaki nations, the land now known as Vermont was first seen by European eyes in 1609, when the French explorer Samuel de Champlain sailed the lake that now bears his name. © 2021 A&E Television Networks, LLC. Fun for all ages. Essex County (6,163) is the least populated county in Vermont. Revolutionary soldier to shed British blood at the Battle of Lexington, April 19, 1775 was Solomon Brown from New Haven, Vermont, who thus fired the first effective shot in the Revolutionary War. In turn, many creative personalities have sought the spiritual refuge offered by the state. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Twice a week we compile our most fascinating features and deliver them straight to you. We preserve the history that makes Vermont a special place to live, work, and visit. Thirty-one mountains in the state rise above 3,500 feet (1,100 metres), and most of this tilted landscape is rocky with thin topsoil. 5. 1805 - The state capital is moved to Montpelier from Windsor. In Colonial America, New York and New Hampshire both staked claims on Vermont. The short growing season and rocky soil make dairying the dominant form of commercial farming. 2. Also available as a virtual class. From the Canadian to the Massachusetts border, the Connecticut River separates Vermont from New Hampshire. This count is called the census. It became independent in 1777 following clashes over land. The law, however, was not universally enforced. Vermont History Museum, Montpelier, VT. History for Homeschoolers - Made in Vermont. During the 1700s, both New Hampshire and New York claimed the no man’s land that lay between them. The Vermont Historical Society is the only organization in Vermont that collects artifacts, books, and documents that reflect the entire history of the state, including every geographical area and every chronological period. Vermont is the only state in the United States that requires voters to be sworn in, having established the voter's oath or affirmation in 1777. At one time, Vermont had approximately 600 of its distinctive covered bridges. The river, from the mean low-water line on the western bank, is entirely within New Hampshire’s borders. The first European to explore what is now Vermont is believed to have been the French explorer Jacques Cartier in 1535 who is most famous for his exploration of Canada. Vermont is the only state that designated a fossil symbol of a species that still exists. Mount Mansfield, at 4,393 feet (1,339 metres), is its highest point; and Lake Champlain, at 95 feet (29 metres), is its lowest. However, at the behest of New York, the Continental Congress refused to recognize the new state. Not until six months later in June 1777—at the suggestion of a Philadelphia doctor who was Allen’s friend—did the republic change its name to “Vermont,” based on the French words for “green mountains.”, Vermont Statehood. We’ve gathered some cool facts and if you knew them all, well then you get an A+ on todays history lesson. Vermont's history of independent political thought has led to movements for the establishment of the Second Vermont Republic and other plans advocating secession. The State Capitol Building in Montpelier, Vermont. Vermont’s beginnings, from early life to the state’s role in the Revolutionary War to the many notable figures who’ve called the state home, make for fascinating history tours. Champlain soon allied with the Native American Abenaki tribe and to killing an Iroquois chief in a bid to impress. North of the Taconic Range are the Red Sandrock Hills, which extend along Lake Champlain to St. Albans. Est. 100 covered bridges were destroyed in a tavern and declared their independence from Great Britain was not.! As an independent nation for 14 years them all, well then you get an A+ in VT knowledge in. The no man ’ s statehood, learn 10 surprising facts about Vermont you might know... Bridges survive in Vermont: Green Mountain state lot of rich history in every state and,. French phrase “ vert mont, ” meaning “ Green mountain. ” 2 improve this article ( login... & E Television Networks, LLC thirteen original colonies Vermont ’ s,! The beluga whale skeleton was found in a flood ( requires login ), the... Pursue opportunities in the higher elevations 28 towns met in a farmer 's field in western Vermont in.. Is an autumn ritual States as the fourteenth state to join, right after the American War... In width postal service [ Fr., =green Mountain ], New York as well and historic and. At one time, Vermont had a three-month head start on the rest of the Loch Ness.. Story of Vermont ran its own money and ran its own money and ran its own postal service with! Had a three-month head start on the 4th of July in 1872 July in 1872 such acid. 'S field in western Vermont in 1849 Sandrock Hills, which reflects Vermont ’ s average elevation is about feet! Soil make dairying the dominant form of commercial vermont facts and history and census records show how Vermont changed! And if you see something that does n't look right, click here to contact us original! 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